How to Approve Board Meeting Minutes: A Comprehensive Guide


How to Approve Board Meeting Minutes: A Comprehensive Guide

Published: June 6, 2024
Read Time: 15 minutes

Approval of minutes

Board meeting minutes are a vital component of corporate governance, serving as the official record of the decisions, discussions, and actions taken during a board meeting. They provide a clear and concise summary of the meeting’s proceedings and serve as a valuable reference for future decision-making, legal compliance, and transparency.

Approving the minutes is a crucial task for boards and directors, as it ensures the accuracy, completeness, and integrity of the record.

In this article, we’ll delve into the intricacies of the minute approval process, offering detailed guidance, examples, and templates to help boards streamline their procedures and maintain exemplary corporate governance practices.

The Importance of Prompt Minute Approval

Before exploring the approval process itself, it is essential to understand why prompt minute approval is important. The following points underscore why timely approval is critical:

  1. Memory Retention: The chair and directors’ recollection of the meeting details diminishes rapidly over time. Research on memory retention suggests that up to half of the meeting details can be lost within a mere 24 hours. Writing and approving the minutes immediately or shortly after the meeting helps ensure accuracy, completeness, and the preservation of crucial information.

  2. Valuable Feedback: When the draft minutes are circulated promptly, directors are more likely to provide valuable comments, suggestions, and clarifications while the meeting is still fresh in their minds. This feedback can protect the board from potential oversights, add value to the record, and ensure that all perspectives are accurately represented.

  3. Legal Considerations: In the event of legal disputes or regulatory inquiries, courts and authorities tend to give more weight to documents that are contemporaneous with the meeting. Prompt minute approval strengthens the credibility and reliability of the record in such situations, demonstrating the board’s commitment to accurate and timely documentation.

  4. Prioritising Accuracy: Delaying the minute writing and approval process in favor of day-to-day business can lead to inaccuracies, omissions, and inconsistencies. Prioritising the timely resolution of minutes is crucial for maintaining an accurate and comprehensive record, which serves as the foundation for informed decision-making and effective governance.

  5. Transparency and Accountability: Promptly approved minutes demonstrate the board’s commitment to transparency and accountability. They provide stakeholders, including shareholders, regulators, and auditors, with a clear and timely understanding of the board’s activities and decisions, fostering trust and confidence in the organisation’s governance practices.

Remember, your minutes are essentially a letter to a judge in the future, a testament to the board’s diligence and integrity. Prioritising their accuracy and promptness is not merely a procedural formality but a fundamental responsibility of every board member.

The Minute Approval Process: A Step-by-Step Guide

The minute approval process involves a series of carefully orchestrated steps to ensure the accuracy, completeness, and timely resolution of the meeting record. Let’s explore each of the seven steps in detail:

  1. Draft Preparation: Immediately following the board meeting, the secretary or designated minute-taker begins preparing the draft minutes. This involves capturing the key discussions, decisions, action items, and any other relevant information. The draft should be concise yet comprehensive, focusing on the essential elements of the meeting.

  2. Draft Review: Once the draft minutes are prepared, they are circulated to the board members for review. Directors should carefully scrutinise the draft, paying close attention to the accuracy of the information presented, the clarity of the language used, and the completeness of the record. They should provide any necessary corrections, clarifications, or additions to ensure that the minutes accurately reflect the meeting’s proceedings.

  3. Revisions and Refinement: Upon receiving feedback from the board members, the secretary incorporates the suggested changes and prepares a revised draft of the minutes. This iterative process may involve multiple rounds of review and revision to ensure that all comments and concerns are addressed satisfactorily. The secretary should maintain a clear record of the changes made and the reasons behind them.

  4. Final Review: Once the revised draft has been prepared, it is circulated to the board for a final review. Directors should carefully examine the updated document to ensure that all their comments have been addressed and that the minutes accurately capture the essence of the meeting. This final review serves as a safety net to catch any remaining errors or omissions before the minutes are formally approved.

  5. Formal Approval: At the subsequent board meeting, the minutes of the previous meeting are formally presented for approval. The chair may call for a motion to approve the minutes, which is then seconded by another director. The board discusses any final concerns or questions and votes on the motion. If the motion is carried, the minutes are officially approved and become part of the organisation’s permanent record.

  6. Signature and Authentication: Following the formal approval, the chair and secretary sign the minutes, attesting to their accuracy and completeness. This signature serves as an official seal of approval and adds an extra layer of authenticity to the document. In some cases, electronic signatures or secure digital platforms may be used to facilitate the signing process.

  7. Filing and Retention: Once the minutes are approved and signed, they are filed in the company’s official records, typically in a secure and easily accessible manner. The minutes become a part of the organisation’s permanent archive and serve as a reference point for future decision-making, legal compliance, and historical documentation. It is crucial to maintain the confidentiality and integrity of the minutes, ensuring that they are stored in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, and best practices.

Best Practices for Effective Minute Approval

To ensure a smooth, efficient, and effective minute approval process, consider implementing the following best practices:

Establish Clear Timelines

Develop and communicate clear timelines for each stage of the minute approval process, from draft preparation to final approval. This helps ensure promptness, prevents delays, and sets expectations for all involved parties. Consider setting specific deadlines for draft circulation, feedback submission, and final review to keep the process on track.

Standardise with Templates

Create and utilise standardised templates for your board meeting minutes. A well-designed template ensures consistency, completeness, and clarity across all meetings. It serves as a checklist of essential elements to be captured, such as attendance, agenda items, decisions made, action items assigned, and any other relevant information. Templates also streamline the drafting process and make it easier for directors to review and provide feedback.

Prioritise Conciseness and Clarity

While minutes should be comprehensive, they should also be concise and focused on the key aspects of the meeting. Avoid verbatim transcriptions and unnecessary details that may obscure the main points. Use clear, unambiguous language and structure the minutes in a logical and easy-to-follow manner. Bullet points, headings, and summaries can help enhance readability and make it easier for directors to review and approve the minutes efficiently.

Assign Clear Responsibilities

Clearly define and communicate the roles and responsibilities of the secretary, chair, and directors in the minute approval process. The secretary should be responsible for drafting the minutes, incorporating feedback, and maintaining the official records. The chair should oversee the approval process, facilitate discussions, and ensure that all directors have the opportunity to provide input. Directors should actively participate in the review process, providing timely and constructive feedback to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the minutes.

Foster a Culture of Timely Feedback

Encourage directors to provide their feedback on the draft minutes promptly, ideally within a specified timeframe. Timely feedback helps maintain momentum, prevents delays, and ensures that the minutes are approved while the meeting is still fresh in everyone’s minds. Consider sending reminders or utilising collaborative tools to facilitate the feedback process and keep directors engaged.

Leverage Technology

Embrace technology like the Our Cat Herder Board Portal to streamline and enhance the minute approval process. Utilise secure board portals or collaborative platforms that allow for easy document sharing, real-time editing, and electronic approvals. These tools can significantly reduce the time and effort required for manual distribution, collection of feedback, and signature gathering. They also provide a centralised repository for all meeting-related documents, enhancing accessibility and organisation.

Provide Training and Guidance

Offer training and guidance to directors on the importance of minute approval and their roles and responsibilities in the process. Educate them on best practices for reviewing and providing feedback on draft minutes. Encourage open communication and create a supportive environment where directors feel comfortable asking questions and seeking clarification when needed. Regular training and refresher sessions can help maintain a high standard of minute approval and foster a culture of accountability and diligence.

Minute Approval Templates and Examples

To assist in the minute approval process, consider utilising the following templates and examples:

Template 1: Minute Approval Motion

Moved by: [Director's name]
Seconded by: [Director's name]


- [Director A] raised a question regarding the accuracy of the financial report discussed in the minutes. [Secretary] clarified that the figures presented were based on the latest available data at the time of the meeting.

- [Director B] suggested adding more detail to the section on the new product launch strategy. The board agreed to include a summary of the key points discussed.

- In favor: [Number of directors]
- Opposed: [Number of directors]
- Abstained: [Number of directors]

Motion: [Carried/Defeated]

Template 2: Minute Approval Signature

Approved by:

____________________________   ____________________________
[Chair's name]                 [Secretary's name]
Chair                          Secretary

Date: [Approval date]

We, the undersigned, hereby certify that the above minutes accurately reflect the proceedings of the [date] board meeting and have been approved by the board of directors.

____________________________   ____________________________
[Director's name]              [Director's name]
Director                       Director

____________________________   ____________________________
[Director's name]              [Director's name]
Director                       Director

Template 3: Minute Review Feedback

Date: [Review date]

To: [Secretary's name]

Subject: Feedback on [date] Board Meeting Minutes

Dear [Secretary's name],

I have thoroughly reviewed the draft minutes of the [date] board meeting and would like to provide the following feedback:

1. In the section discussing the financial performance, please include the specific revenue and profit figures mentioned during the meeting to provide a clearer context.

2. Under the "New Business" agenda item, I suggest adding a brief summary of the key points raised by [Director C] regarding the proposed partnership with [Company X]. This will help capture the essence of the discussion.

3. In the action items section, please clarify the deadline for the marketing team to present the revised advertising campaign proposal. I recall it being set for the end of the quarter, but the minutes currently state "as soon as possible."

4. I noticed a minor typographical error on page 3, paragraph 2, line 4. Please change "manger" to "manager."

Thank you for preparing the draft minutes. Please incorporate these changes and circulate the revised version for final review.

Best regards,

[Director's name]

Key Takeways

Approving board meeting minutes is a critical responsibility that demands diligence, attention to detail, and a commitment to timeliness.

By understanding the significance of prompt approval, following a well-defined process, and adhering to best practices, boards and directors can ensure the accuracy, completeness, and integrity of their meeting records. The minutes serve as a vital reference for future decision-making, legal compliance, and stakeholder communication, making their meticulous preparation and approval an indispensable aspect of effective corporate governance.

By establishing clear timelines, utilising standardised templates, prioritising conciseness and clarity, assigning clear responsibilities, fostering a culture of timely feedback, leveraging technology, and providing ongoing training and guidance, boards can streamline the minute approval process and maintain the highest standards of documentation and transparency.

Remember, your minutes are more than mere administrative formalities; they are a testament to your board’s commitment to accountability, diligence, and sound governance practices. By prioritising their prompt and thorough approval, you not only safeguard your organisation’s interests but also demonstrate your dedication to upholding the trust placed in you by shareholders, stakeholders, and the wider community.

As you navigate the intricacies of board meeting minute approval, keep in mind the profound importance of this task and the lasting impact it can have on your organisation’s success and reputation. With a steadfast commitment to excellence and a proactive approach to minute management, you can ensure that your board’s decisions and actions are accurately recorded, transparently communicated, and effectively preserved for generations to come.

Further Resources

Free Minute Taking Course

How to Present to the Board of Directors

What Is a Consent Agenda?

Board Paper Template

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I approve minutes at a board meeting?

To approve minutes at a board meeting, follow these steps:

  1. The secretary or minute-taker distributes the draft minutes to all board members before the meeting.
  2. During the meeting, the chairperson calls for the approval of the minutes as an agenda item.
  3. The chairperson asks if there are any corrections or amendments to the minutes.
  4. If there are corrections, the secretary notes them and makes the necessary changes.
  5. Once all corrections have been made, the chairperson calls for a motion to approve the minutes.
  6. A board member proposes a motion to approve the minutes, and another member seconds the motion.
  7. The board votes on the motion. If a majority approves, the minutes are officially approved and become part of the organization's record.
  8. The chairperson and secretary sign the approved minutes.

How do you approve a motion in a board meeting?

To approve a motion in a board meeting, follow these steps:

  1. A board member proposes a motion on a specific action or decision.
  2. Another board member seconds the motion to indicate their support for discussing and voting on the motion.
  3. The chairperson restates the motion to ensure clarity and opens the floor for discussion.
  4. Board members discuss the motion, ask questions, and express their opinions.
  5. After the discussion, the chairperson calls for a vote on the motion.
  6. Board members vote in favor, against, or abstain from voting on the motion.
  7. The chairperson announces the result of the vote. If a majority of the board members vote in favor, the motion is approved.
  8. The approved motion is recorded in the meeting minutes.

Can meeting minutes be changed after approval?

Once meeting minutes have been formally approved by the board, they should not be altered. The approved minutes become the official record of the meeting. If there is a significant error or omission discovered after approval, the correction should be made in the minutes of the next meeting as a separate item. This maintains the integrity of the original approved minutes while addressing the necessary correction.

What are board minutes to approve accounts?

Board minutes to approve accounts refer to the portion of the meeting minutes that document the board's approval of the organization's financial statements, such as the balance sheet and income statement. This approval is typically based on the recommendation of the finance committee or the presentation of the financial reports by the treasurer. The minutes should clearly state the motion to approve the accounts, the second of the motion, any discussion, and the voting result.

Do you approve agenda or minutes first?

In a board meeting, the agenda is typically approved first, followed by the minutes of the previous meeting. The agenda outlines the topics and order of business for the current meeting, while the minutes record the proceedings of the previous meeting. By approving the agenda first, the board agrees on the subjects to be discussed and the allotted time for each item. Once the agenda is approved, the minutes of the previous meeting are reviewed and approved to ensure accuracy and completeness.

What is ratification of minutes?

Ratification of minutes is the formal approval of the minutes of a previous meeting by the board. It is a process by which the board confirms that the minutes accurately reflect the proceedings, decisions, and actions taken during the meeting. Ratification usually occurs at the beginning of the next meeting, where the minutes are presented for review and approval. Once ratified, the minutes become the official record of the meeting and serve as evidence of the board's decisions and actions.

What is the rule for meeting minutes?

The key rules for meeting minutes are:

  • Minutes should be accurate, objective, and concise.
  • They should capture the essential information, such as decisions made, actions taken, and assignments given.
  • Minutes should follow a consistent format and structure.
  • They should include the date, time, location, and names of attendees and absentees.
  • Minutes should document any conflicts of interest declared by board members.
  • They should record motions, seconds, discussions, voting results, and abstentions.
  • Minutes should be distributed to all board members promptly after the meeting for review.
  • They should be approved at the next meeting and signed by the chairperson and secretary.
  • Approved minutes should be stored securely as part of the organization's official records.

Should meeting minutes follow the agenda?

Yes, meeting minutes should generally follow the order of the agenda. The agenda serves as a roadmap for the meeting, outlining the topics to be discussed and the sequence in which they will be addressed. By following the agenda, the minutes provide a logical and coherent record of the meeting's proceedings. This makes it easier for board members to review and reference specific discussions and decisions. However, if there are any deviations from the agenda during the meeting, such as additional items discussed or changes in the order of topics, these should be reflected accurately in the minutes.

What do you say at the beginning of a board meeting?

At the beginning of a board meeting, the chairperson typically:

  1. Calls the meeting to order and welcomes the attendees.
  2. Confirms that a quorum is present, ensuring that enough board members are in attendance to conduct business and make decisions.
  3. Introduces any guests or new board members.
  4. Presents the agenda for approval, asking for any additions or changes.
  5. Calls for the approval of the previous meeting's minutes.
  6. Provides opening remarks, setting the tone for the meeting and highlighting any important issues or priorities.
  7. Invites other board members to share any relevant updates or announcements.
  8. Starts the meeting by moving to the first item on the approved agenda.
A sample opening statement might be:
'Good morning, everyone. I'd like to call this board meeting to order. Thank you all for being here today. We have a quorum present, so we can proceed with our agenda. Before we begin, are there any additions or changes to the agenda? [Pause for responses] Seeing none, may I have a motion to approve the agenda? [Pause for motion and second] Thank you. Next, let's review and approve the minutes from our last meeting. [Proceed with the meeting]'

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